How to check if port is in use on Linux or Unix

How to check if port is in use on Linux or Unix

sudo lsof -i -P -n | grep LISTEN
sudo netstat -tulpn | grep LISTEN
sudo lsof -i:22 ## see a specific port such as 22 ##
sudo nmap -sTU -O IP-address-Here

Option #1: lsof command
$ sudo lsof -i -P -n
$ sudo lsof -i -P -n | grep LISTEN
$ doas lsof -i -P -n | grep LISTEN ### [OpenBSD] ###

Linux netstat syntax
netstat -tulpn | grep LISTEN
watch netstat -tulpn
sudo ss -tulw
sudo ss -tulwn

netstat -tulpn |grep tcp |grep -v |grep -v
-v is invert matching (every thing except and

Where ss command options are as follows:
  • -t : Show only TCP sockets on Linux
  • -u : Display only UDP sockets on Linux
  • -l : Show listening sockets. For example, TCP port 22 is opened by SSHD server.
  • -p : List process name that opened sockets
  • -n : Don’t resolve service names i.e. don’t use DNS

FreeBSD/MacOS X netstat syntax

$ netstat -anp tcp | grep LISTEN
$ netstat -anp udp | grep LISTEN

OpenBSD netstat syntax

$ netstat -na -f inet | grep LISTEN
$ netstat -nat | grep LISTEN

Option #3: nmap command

The syntax is:
$ sudo nmap -sT -O localhost
$ sudo nmap -sU -O ##[ list open UDP ports ]##
$ sudo nmap -sT -O ##[ list open TCP ports ]##
You can combine TCP/UDP scan in a single command:
$ sudo nmap -sTU -O

A note about Windows users

You can check port usage from Windows operating system using following command:
netstat -bano | more
netstat -bano | grep LISTENING
netstat -bano | findstr /R /C:"[LISTEING]"


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