Lombok @Data Example


All together now: A shortcut for @ToString@EqualsAndHashCode@Getter on all fields, @Setter on all non-final fields, and @RequiredArgsConstructor!

Overview

@Data is a convenient shortcut annotation that bundles the features of @ToString@EqualsAndHashCode@Getter / @Setter and @RequiredArgsConstructor together: In other words, @Data generates all the boilerplate that is normally associated with simple POJOs (Plain Old Java Objects) and beans: getters for all fields, setters for all non-final fields, and appropriate toStringequals and hashCode implementations that involve the fields of the class, and a constructor that initializes all final fields, as well as all non-final fields with no initializer that have been marked with @NonNull, in order to ensure the field is never null.
@Data is like having implicit @Getter@Setter@ToString@EqualsAndHashCode and @RequiredArgsConstructor annotations on the class (except that no constructor will be generated if any explicitly written constructors already exist). However, the parameters of these annotations (such as callSuperincludeFieldNames and exclude) cannot be set with @Data. If you need to set non-default values for any of these parameters, just add those annotations explicitly; @Data is smart enough to defer to those annotations.
All generated getters and setters will be public. To override the access level, annotate the field or class with an explicit @Setter and/or @Getter annotation. You can also use this annotation (by combining it with AccessLevel.NONE) to suppress generating a getter and/or setter altogether.
All fields marked as transient will not be considered for hashCode and equals. All static fields will be skipped entirely (not considered for any of the generated methods, and no setter/getter will be made for them).
If the class already contains a method with the same name and parameter count as any method that would normally be generated, that method is not generated, and no warning or error is emitted. For example, if you already have a method with signature equals(AnyType param), no equals method will be generated, even though technically it might be an entirely different method due to having different parameter types. The same rule applies to the constructor (any explicit constructor will prevent @Data from generating one), as well as toStringequals, and all getters and setters. You can mark any constructor or method with @lombok.experimental.Tolerate to hide them from lombok.
@Data can handle generics parameters for fields just fine. In order to reduce the boilerplate when constructing objects for classes with generics, you can use the staticConstructor parameter to generate a private constructor, as well as a static method that returns a new instance. This way, javac will infer the variable name. Thus, by declaring like so: @Data(staticConstructor="of") class Foo<T> { private T x;} you can create new instances of Foo by writing: Foo.of(5); instead of having to write: new Foo<Integer>(5);.

With Lombok

import lombok.AccessLevel;
import lombok.Setter;
import lombok.Data;
import lombok.ToString;

@Data public class DataExample {
  private final String name;
  @Setter(AccessLevel.PACKAGEprivate int age;
  private double score;
  private String[] tags;
  
  @ToString(includeFieldNames=true)
  @Data(staticConstructor="of")
  public static class Exercise<T> {
    private final String name;
    private final T value;
  }
}

Vanilla Java

import java.util.Arrays;

public class DataExample {
  private final String name;
  private int age;
  private double score;
  private String[] tags;
  
  public DataExample(String name) {
    this.name = name;
  }
  
  public String getName() {
    return this.name;
  }
  
  void setAge(int age) {
    this.age = age;
  }
  
  public int getAge() {
    return this.age;
  }
  
  public void setScore(double score) {
    this.score = score;
  }
  
  public double getScore() {
    return this.score;
  }
  
  public String[] getTags() {
    return this.tags;
  }
  
  public void setTags(String[] tags) {
    this.tags = tags;
  }
  
  @Override public String toString() {
    return "DataExample(" this.getName() ", " this.getAge() ", " this.getScore() ", " + Arrays.deepToString(this.getTags()) ")";
  }
  
  protected boolean canEqual(Object other) {
    return other instanceof DataExample;
  }
  
  @Override public boolean equals(Object o) {
    if (o == thisreturn true;
    if (!(instanceof DataExample)) return false;
    DataExample other = (DataExampleo;
    if (!other.canEqual((Object)this)) return false;
    if (this.getName() == null ? other.getName() != null : !this.getName().equals(other.getName())) return false;
    if (this.getAge() != other.getAge()) return false;
    if (Double.compare(this.getScore(), other.getScore()) != 0return false;
    if (!Arrays.deepEquals(this.getTags(), other.getTags())) return false;
    return true;
  }
  
  @Override public int hashCode() {
    final int PRIME = 59;
    int result = 1;
    final long temp1 = Double.doubleToLongBits(this.getScore());
    result = (result*PRIME(this.getName() == null 43 this.getName().hashCode());
    result = (result*PRIMEthis.getAge();
    result = (result*PRIME(int)(temp1 ^ (temp1 >>> 32));
    result = (result*PRIME+ Arrays.deepHashCode(this.getTags());
    return result;
  }
  
  public static class Exercise<T> {
    private final String name;
    private final T value;
    
    private Exercise(String name, T value) {
      this.name = name;
      this.value = value;
    }
    
    public static <T> Exercise<T> of(String name, T value) {
      return new Exercise<T>(name, value);
    }
    
    public String getName() {
      return this.name;
    }
    
    public T getValue() {
      return this.value;
    }
    
    @Override public String toString() {
      return "Exercise(name=" this.getName() ", value=" this.getValue() ")";
    }
    
    protected boolean canEqual(Object other) {
      return other instanceof Exercise;
    }
    
    @Override public boolean equals(Object o) {
      if (o == thisreturn true;
      if (!(instanceof Exercise)) return false;
      Exercise<?> other = (Exercise<?>o;
      if (!other.canEqual((Object)this)) return false;
      if (this.getName() == null ? other.getValue() != null : !this.getName().equals(other.getName())) return false;
      if (this.getValue() == null ? other.getValue() != null : !this.getValue().equals(other.getValue())) return false;
      return true;
    }
    
    @Override public int hashCode() {
      final int PRIME = 59;
      int result = 1;
      result = (result*PRIME(this.getName() == null 43 this.getName().hashCode());
      result = (result*PRIME(this.getValue() == null 43 this.getValue().hashCode());
      return result;
    }
  }
}

Supported configuration keys:

lombok.data.flagUsage = [warning | error] (default: not set)
Lombok will flag any usage of @Data as a warning or error if configured.

Small print

Various well known annotations about nullity cause null checks to be inserted and will be copied to the relevant places (such as the method for getters, and the parameter for the constructor and setters). See Getter/Setter documentation's small print for more information.
By default, any variables that start with a $ symbol are excluded automatically. You can include them by specifying an explicit annotation (@Getter or @ToString, for example) and using the 'of' parameter.

Reference:

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